Mountain School of Ukrainian Carpaty http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify;">The journal highlights the methodological, theoretical and practical principles of pedagogical science development, current problems of schools education, including mountain regions of Ukraine and abroad. This scientific specialized edition of pedagogical sciences is intended for researchers, teachers, doctoral students, graduate students, academic staff, the parent community, and all those interested in the current status of pedagogical education development.</p> <p><strong>ISSN <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN-L/1994-4845" target="_blank" rel="noopener">1994-4845</a> </strong>(Print)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<strong>E-ISSN <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2415-7147">2415-7147</a></strong>&nbsp;(Online)</p> Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University en-US Mountain School of Ukrainian Carpaty 1994-4845 PHYSICAL EDUCATION BY DISTANCE LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES AS A FACTOR OF STUDENTS' HEALTHY LIFESTYLE http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5260 <p>The article consider the issue of a healthy lifestyle of students in the process of their physical education while studying in higher education institutions. The urgency of the study due to significant problems in maintaining the health of young people on a national scale, due to the introduction of quarantine restrictions in educational institutions. The purpose<br>of the study is to identify the possibilities of the discipline "Physical Education" by means of remote technologies in free economic education in the formation of skills of a healthy lifestyle of students. Based on the study, the use of a set of general scientific theoretical methods: analysis, synthesis, systematization, generalization. It is established that the implementation of the current educational process provides a priority before physical education – the preservation and change of pupils and students in the formation of their healthy lifestyle skills. The practice of using distance learning technologies in physical education of students is studied, the possibilities of such educational process in formation of motivations and needs of students in observance of the basic healthy ways of life in the conditions of quarantine are analyzed. It is determined that the latter should be reviewed: classes based on a personality-oriented approach, the availability of these recommendations for the formation of motivations for physical activity; providing opportunities for students to monitor indicators of individual development; acquisition of skills to increase valeological culture of nutrition; increase of motor activity in the modes of the school day and maintenance of the sanitary and hygienic mode. According to the results of the study, information on potential innovative distance technologies has been expanded to optimize the impact of physical education on the student's personality in order to educate users of a healthy lifestyle during student years, which will ensure their future health.</p> Galina Grebinka Yaroslav Zubritsky Elena Rozhko Maxim Taranenko Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 5 10 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.5-10 INFORMATION SOCIETY AND INFORMATIZATION OF EDUCATION http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5261 <p>In today's world, information technology is actively used in all spheres of life. The information component also plays a significant role in the formation of a competitive specialist. The article presents the understanding of the information society as a stage of development of post-industrial society, describes the features that distinguish such a society from all<br>previous forms of society. The features of the information society with the differentiation of its positive and negative features according to the influence on the development of the individual and the state are also structured. It is emphasized that the basis of the information society is information, knowledge and technology.<br>The change of priorities of social development towards the active use of information and communication technologies has led to the impact on the education sector. This process is interpreted as the informatization of education.<br>Informatization of education has components: didactic – development of methods and means of teaching and education with the help of information and communication technologies, content–filling educational material with modern achievements of information technologies for future professional realization of students, organizational – active use of modern forms of education (distance education, e-education, non-formal education) management – the use of digital technologies in the management of the educational process, the introduction of a corporate model of management of higher education.<br>The main task of higher education is to train a competitive specialist capable of rapid adaptation to changing labor market<br>conditions, self-education and self-realization.</p> Oksana Kondur Natalia Fuchynska Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 11 15 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.11-15 FORMATION OF LEADERSHIP QUALITIES IN FUTURE MANAGERS IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATION BY STUDENT SELF-GOVERNMENT http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5264 <p>The processes of globalization and dynamic socio-political, economic and cultural transformations of the first decades of the XXI century dictate the urgent and urgent need for thoroughly educated, intellectually courageous and uninvolved young and mature people who can innovatively think and act in permanent crises, successfully overcome helplessness or helplessness. in the face of today's challenges, to produce an innovative and optimistic picture of the world. The formation of such a person is the goal of the modern system of higher education, which focuses on the education of the leader - a creative, spiritual and moral representative of the world community and a citizen of his country.<br>This, in turn, makes it important for the future specialist to acquire leadership qualities, thanks to which he will be able to make timely independent decisions, master persuasion skills, organize teamwork, interact effectively with the social environment.<br>Rapid changes in the environment are causing fundamental transformations that have a tremendous impact on organizations and pose complex and challenging challenges for today's leaders. This leads to a transition to a new leadership paradigm.<br>Modern research on the problem of leadership proves that the leader is a person with leadership qualities and skills that can implement them in appropriate situations, but in the scientific socio-pedagogical literature technologies for the formation of leadership qualities in the educational process are insufficiently developed. So, because there is an objective need for leadership, the problem of forming leadership qualities of student youth in the educational process is an urgent problem today.<br>The organization of the educational process and involvement of young people in student government, which is defined as a natural, consistent, continuous change of stages of development and formation of interacting actors, involves the use of effective methods and creating the necessary socio-pedagogical conditions.</p> Nataliia Koturbash Ivan Khomiak Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 16 19 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.16-19 SPECIFICS OF ACADEMIC TEXT CONSTRUCTION http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5265 <p>The article highlights the analysis results of scientific research as well as theorists and practitioners’ work’s generalization of the educational field on the academic text construction. It is revealed that scientific researches of domestic and foreign scientists are devoted to highlight various aspects of the problem of academic writing: development of academic literacy, academic and communicative competence formation, scientific language specificity and development of culture of its use, development of academic writing skills, etc. The used research methods (analysis, synthesis, generalization) are presented. The peculiarities of the research topic choice and the stages of the main activities of the researched topic are substantiated. The definition of the text as the basic unit of communication, as well as the academic text, which is prepared in accordance with the requirements of scientific style, and its content are expressed by the means of special scientific terminology and language tools. A three-component model of the academic text (sandwich technology / hamburger model) is presented, which covers key metatext elements: introduction, discussion, and conclusion. The relationship between the three components of the hamburger model of the academic text is reflected: the introduction presents the logic of the development of the author’s ideas; in the discussion part their presentation is realized; in the conclusions the author presents<br>the conclusions from these ideas to the reader. The introductory, discussion and concluding parts specifics of the academic text construction are described. Conclusions are presented: the main characteristics of the academic text are as following: it contains the author’s idea (author’s vision of the research problem); its content contains knowledge, which highlights key terms and concepts. The academic text distinguishes integrity, which includes interconnected components, which contribute to the presentation of the content in a logical sequence.</p> Nataliya Mukan Svitlana Kozubska Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 20 23 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.20-23 PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT TRAINING OF THE INTERPRETERS UNDER THE EFFECTIVE INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5281 <p>The article is devoted to the study of the peculiarities of professional training of interpreters in the framework of intercultural communication. The authors substantiate the expediency of training translation specialists to take into account the correct interpretation not only of specific words and phrases, but also the content of each sentence in the context of the general meaning of the material in the future. The work emphasizes the need to pay attention to the specifics of translation, where there is a difference in the semantic meaning of different cultural terms, and a professionally trained translator in most cases must interpret what is said in another language, avoiding glaring errors, inaccuracies and interpretations in the opposite sense. The authors claim that when considering translation, it becomes important to understand that communication is a kind of interaction between individuals, in which subjects communicating with each other act as subjects of culture, representatives of a certain linguo-socio-cultural community, and translation, being a kind of mediation, is not only a means of interlingual, but also intercultural communication.</p> Olha Tsaryk Nataliia Rybina Nataliia Koshil Olha Hyryla Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 24 27 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.24-27 SOCIAL-POLITICAL ACTIVITY AND NATIONAL SOFIA OF VASYL STEFANYK AS THE BASIS OF STATE IDEOLOGY http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5267 <p>The article is dedicated to Vasyl Stefanyk, who not only wrote a bright page in the history of national literature, representing the literary process of its western region, but also significantly contributed to the formation of Ukrainian national education.<br>The writer actively raised issues of education, social struggle, and political confrontations in his work and voiced them in the pages of contemporary periodicals, expanded his creative contacts with Ukrainian periodicals, intensified his activities as a publicist, which actually contributed to the rapid development of Ukrainian journalism. imprint of pedagogization: reflected the problems of development of the Ukrainian school, raised topical issues of national education, included works of modern authors and writers of the past, covering the heroic and patriotic theme, ie Ukrainian periodicals fulfilled its social function - to awaken the people of the region. consciousness of children, youth and adults, «enlightened» them, and so on. These works of Stefanyk were closely connected and caused by their active civil position.<br>The article presents the term «national philosophy», which was introduced into the scientific lexicon in the 1930s by the Ukrainian sociologist, political scientist and ethnologist of Polish-Lithuanian origin O.-I. Bochkovsky. Having singled out nationalism as «pure science», O. Bochkovsky also included the philosophy of the nation, which he called «national philosophy», in the competence of the latter. It must become a «method of sociological typology and characterology» of nations. According to the scientist, the competence of national philosophy «includes the clarification of the problems of the nation from the ideological and philosophical point of view, therefore, the scientific coverage of issues such as nation and humanity, cosmopolitanism, internationalism and nationalism. Vasyl Stefanyk's socio-political achievements became more accessible to people through Ukrainian periodicals, served as a means of educating national consciousness, patriotism, love for the native land, opened a treasury of oral folk art, formed a sense of pride in belonging to the great "Russian people". This journalism even served as a didactic material for educational initiatives of Ukrainian public societies in the field of adult education.</p> Maria Bagriy Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 28 30 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.28-30 ACTIVITIES OF THE CHILDREN'S FRIENDS 'SOCIETY FOR CHILDREN AND THEIR FAMILIES AT RISK OF SOCIAL EXCLUSION http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5268 <p>The article is an analysis of the achievements of the Society of Friends of Children - the oldest non-governmental organization in Poland operating for the benefit of the child and his family. The focus of this organization is on children at risk of social exclusion due to poverty, neglect, orphanage or disability and their families. From the beginning of its operation,<br>in from 1919, the Society responded vividly to the care and educational needs of children and established various day and 24-hour facilities providing them with decent conditions for development, and support for families. After the end of World War II, it took special care of orphaned children returning from exile and concentration camps, hungry, homeless and<br>neglected in education. In later years, TPD organized orphanages, kindergarten camps, environmental educational centers, and youth clubs. It established 6 adoption centers which qualified orphaned children to adoptive families. It conducted an extensive campaign of organizing summer and winter recreation for children from dysfunctional families and specialized summer camps for sick and disabled children. n the 1990s, the Society established a number of innovative, specialized institutions, such as community clubs - including sociotherapeutic centers, centers for children and families, rehabilitation centers, family counseling centers, crisis intervention centers as well as recreation centers and children's holiday homes. The work of the Society for the benefit of the child and the family is based on the principles of competence, creativity and comprehensiveness. In his current activities, he prefers the principles of: equal opportunities for all children to be brought up in the family, the subjectivity and dignity of the child, protection of his rights and education in the spirit of tolerance, respect and mutual assistance. To this end, in many cities, about one hundred social ombudsmen for children's rights have been appointed, who intervene in situations of child abuse, and solve conflict and care-and-education situations in families. In many areas of care, the Society was a pioneer, and the forms of care initiated by it entered the national childcare system in Poland.</p> Galina Beiger Svitlana Borysiuk Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 31 36 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.31-36 THE FIGURE OF VASYL STEFANYK THROUGH THE PRISM OF UKRAINIAN PEDAGOGICAL BIOGRAPHICAL STUDIES http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5271 <p>May 14, 2021 marked the 150th anniversary of the birth of Vasyl Stefanyk – a classic of Ukrainian literature, public and political figure, one of the iconic figures of cultural and socio-political life of Ukraine. A number of thematic events took place at Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University. Pedagogical biographical studies are a little-studied and new direction in Ukrainian science. The purpose of the article is to analyze the life and creative heritage of V. Stefanyk through the prism of Ukrainian pedagogical biography.<br>In research the following research methods are used: general scientific (analysis, synthesis, deduction, induction, comparison, classification, generalization), which allow to argue and justify the experience of studying the figure of Vasyl Stefanyk from the standpoint of pedagogical biographical studies; search and bibliographic for systematization of research<br>sources; comparative and descriptive – to characterize the social and educational activities of the writer; special biographical (biographical, biographical reconstruction, etc.) – determine the methods, techniques of studying various aspects of life and work of Vasyl Stefanyk; etc.<br>One aspect of the study of personalistics is the analysis of the writer's educational environment, which led to their formation as a person. The establishing of V. Stefanyk as a writer, public and educational figure was influenced by a number of factors, including the educational environment. In his life we clearly trace certain stages associated with the acquisition of<br>education: primary education, which he received in Rusiv (three-grade public school (1878–1880)) and in Sniatyn (special, is higher primary school) (1880–1883); gymnasium education (Kolomyia State Gymnasium (1883–1890), Drohobych State Gymnasium named after Franz Joseph I (1891–1892)); university studies (medical faculty of Jagiellonian University (1892–<br>1900)); and lifelong self-education. In 1900, V. Stefanyk left the Jagiellonian University and fully registered as a writer, educator, and public figure.</p> Halyna Bilavych Oksana Blavt Iryna Didukh Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 37 41 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.37-41 PRACTICAL USAGE OF CROSS-CULTURAL TEXTS IN THE CLASSES OF UKRAINIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5274 <p>The article is devoted to a topical issue: the study of cross-cultural texts as the main communicative tool in Ukrainian language classes as a foreign language. The ideas presented in the article are illustrated by examples based on the experience of teaching Ukrainian as a foreign language at Ternopil Ivan Puluj National Technical University (TNTU). The analysis of modern researches and publications is carried out. The importance of considering the linguistic and cultural approach is emphasized, as well as the emotional component, choosing songs, phrases, colloquialisms, and thematic texts. Based on the lyrical song "Hutsulka Ksenia", the authors demonstrated how at the level of themes, images, and tokens it<br>is possible to tell foreign communicators about mental features of Hutsuls, culture, nature, and folk instruments. A number of methodical developments on e-platforms are given: open4ukrainian.education/gutsulka-ksenya/;http://bit.ly/rizdvyanipisni-kolyadki, the benefits of working with online tools are revealed: Wizer.me (https://wizer.me/), Learningapps (https://learningapps.org), which are very important in distance learning languages. The objective of the article is to draw attention of teachers-practitioners to the need of selecting educational materials with consideration of the expediency and practical application of information; to focus on the development of communicative competence; to prove the relevance of a variety of tasks and examples; to share the experience of teaching the Ukrainian language among foreign students. The hermeneutic, communicative, cultural and other methods are applied in the research; the importance of visualization of pre-text and posttext exercises, questions, post-text comments is studied. The methodological basis of this research is the work of Anna Shvets “Theory and practice of teaching the Ukrainian language to foreign students of humanities: a monograph” (Shvets, 2019). The content of cross-cultural texts, which contribute to the formation of linguistic and local lore knowledge about Ukraine, and help foreign students adapt to Ukraine and be acquainted with its realities, is analyzed and described.</p> Nadia Denysiuk Lesia Nazarevych Zhanna Babiak Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 42 47 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.42-47 ENHANCING ENVIRONMENTAL COGNITION BY PRESCHOOLERS THROUGH EXPERIMENTAL ACTIVITIES http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5275 <p>The paper focuses on the issue of environmental cognition by preschool children via experimental activities. The emphasis is placed on the role of motivation, intellectual games and experiments in children’s perceiving the world. The article presents positive results of the pedagogical experiment (in which participated 83 preschoolers) that proved the effectiveness<br>of the devised methodology. In the article, it is posited that early-age experimentation implies a simple manipulation with things, at which children perform the operations of differentiation, and categorization under various conditions. Specifically, these operations presume simple actions with objects, which vary in color, shape and size. Moreover, preschoolers use different sensory channels to perceive the objects around them. The study maintains that in the junior preschool period children’s cognitive activities are accompanied with role-plays, games, and orientation actions aimed at testing new objects, while senior preschoolers perform similar activities experimenting with objects and employing verbal means like questions why, what for, and how? The study propounds the effective techniques of experimentation with preschoolers, which embrace creating a positive learning environment, employing emotionally colored forms of instruction, maintaining in children a high level of motivation for actions, and using repetitive and suggestive tools.<br>In the course of research, it has been revealed that experimenting is targeted at familiarizing preschool children with specific methods of cognition, measurement tools, and appropriate safety rules, which allow preschoolers to broaden their knowledge and acquire necessary skills in order to be able to create new products independently within specially organized learning activities.</p> Olga Polevikova Tetiana Shvets Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 48 54 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.48-54 SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS IN THE CREATIVE WORK OF VASYL STEFANYK http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5276 <p>The analysis of Vasyl Stefanyk's novelistic creative work from the standpoint of social and economic aspect has been presented. The influence of social and economic factors on the psychological state of peasants in the second half of the 19th – early 20th century has been revealed, the comparative analysis of social and economic situation of Ukrainians at<br>the present stage and during creative work of the writer has been conducted.<br>Today, as in Vasyl Stefanyk's short stories, we are experiencing the social and economic consequences of the war, forced emigration, rapid impoverishment of the population and we do not always conduct successful attempts for overcoming social injustice.<br>In Ukraine, there are no clear concepts and strategies for overcoming the negative trends in the national economy that exist in European countries.<br>The solution of social and economic problems lies in the plane of reforms not only in the economy, but also in education, culture and national consciousness. Studying the works of Vasyl Stefanyk is an efficient way to comprehend the historical past and change the present.<br>The introduction of decentralization of governance and rendering possibilities for regions to solve social and economic development problems on their own is an important step towards solving social and economic problems of the regions. At the same time, an important factor that will ensure successful decentralization at the state level is the provision of not only corresponding powers to the regions, but also financial resources.<br>The solution of social and economic problems lies in the plane of reforms not only in the economy, but also in education, culture and national consciousness. Studying the works of Vasyl Stefanyk is an efficient way to comprehend the historical past and change the present.</p> Uliana Savkiv Halyna Sydor Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 55 59 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.55-59 WAYS OF PRACTICAL TRAINING MODERNIZATION OF THE FUTURE COMPUTER SCIENCE TEACHERS http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5279 <p>Training of future teachers in higher education is a complicated and complex process, which includes the study of disciplines of psychological and pedagogical, special and methodological cycle of disciplines, as well as the practice of various types. In the article, the main features of practical training of future computer science teachers under the conditions<br>of education functioning in a digital society, are analyzed. It is emphasized that practical training of students should become a cross-cutting line of student learning and should be realized continuously throughout the whole study process at higher educational institution. It is proposed to attribute practical training not only to the practice of different kinds, but also to the practical tasks during the study of disciplines of psychological and pedagogical, special and methodical cycles, as well as during course, qualification and master's work. The ways of modernization and improving of practical training of future computer science teachers are proposed based on a close cooperation of higher and secondary educational institutions. Importance of developing educational software by students for using it in learning process at a secondary school provided by modern techniques, innovative pedagogical and information technologies is established. <br>Practical training of students in HEIs is one of the most important components of the process of methodical training of future teachers, which becomes a link between theoretical training and future professional activity. Тhe intensive growth of the digital society's demand for qualified specialists requires the integration of practical training of students at all stages of education in the HEI, which will improve the formation of general and professional competencies, and continuity of practical training will increase motivation to learn and willingness to work in the real world.</p> Olesia Vlasii Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 60 63 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.60-63 NATIONAL TRADITIONS IN SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT FUTURE TEACHERS http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5277 <p>It was concluded that knowledge concerning spiritual achievements gained by young people during their studies should make stimulant active treatment of young Ukrainian to study specific in nature, truly accurate historical spiritual heritage of his people, rooted in folklore (folk art) and saved in any manifestation at the local level.<br>The article analyzes the role of national traditions in the spiritual development of future teachers. The specific focus is placed on the problems of primary school. According to scientists, it is in the early school years that the worldview of the individual is formed, in particular the national identity.<br>The upbringing of a versatile and harmonic personality of a petty in the new age Ukrainian school is one of the most important tasks at the present stage of society; in which enrichment of the child's spiritual world involves the formation of&nbsp; creative potential and inner culture as well as spiritual unity of generations. The upbringing of young citizens should be aimed<br>primarily at developing their humanistic feelings, the formation of national and universal values. Therefore, the revival of folk song culture has great importance in the education of students of the new age Ukrainian school.<br>The educational possibilities of Ukrainian folk songs were determined in the theoretical analysis. The necessity of directing the attention of the petty on the ideological and didactic nature of the folk song was described. That is important as the song folklore is a polysystemic means of personality formation, and it affects the spiritual, intellectual, emotional, and other spheres of a human being; morally and psychologically adjusts a person to work. The proper use of ethno –pedagogical tools ensures the esthetic development of students along with a high culture of perception of various arts. In conclusion, the knowledge of spiritual achievements gained by petty during their studies should stimulate an affirm attitude of them as young Ukrainians to study and research historical, spiritual heritage of their people, the roots of which are folklore (folk art) that is preserved in different manifestations at the local levels.</p> Maria Klepar Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 64 67 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.64-67 CURRENT STATE OF THE METHOD OF TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE FOR PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF UKRAINE http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5278 <p>The article presents the results of analytical research of the latest domestic scientific works on the problems of foreign language professional communicative competence formation. The evolution of the purpose and content of the formation of foreign language professional communicative competence of future professionals is disclosed. It is established that the general goal of foreign language training for professional communication is the development of active foreign language competence in everyday, business and professional situations, and professionally oriented intercultural communicative competence of future professionals is defined as the ultimate guideline for achieving this goal. This competence consists<br>of five system components: communicative, socio-cultural, professional, educational and methodological. Innovations in technological support in the course of training students in higher education institutions for future professional communication are highlighted, including the interdisciplinarity of the course "Foreign language for professional orientation", which introduces the 1-2 course students into future professional activity and motivates to further improve foreign language professional competence; shifting the emphasis from the transforming the information on the formation of skill to acquire knowledge independently and use them in educational and professional activities effectively; a significant reduction of the number of auditorium classes, which is associated with the formation of students’ skill to acquire knowledge independently and apply it in practice efficiently; preparing students for independent study of a foreign language for further professional selfimprovement, that is for independent study.</p> Tetiana Kotyk Lesia Shkleda Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 68 73 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.68-73 TRAINING OF FUTURE EDUCATORS TO WORK WITH GIFTED CHILDREN IN THE CONTEXT OF THE NEW EDITION OF THE BASIC COMPONENT OF PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION OF UKRAINE http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5294 <p>In the article the peculiarities of training of future educators in HEE to work with gifted children are analyzed. The main conditions for the formation of a graduate of the specialty "Preschool Education" of the first (bachelor's) educational level are described. The importance of educators' training to work with gifted preschoolers has been experimentally proven by practicing teachers of Ivano-Frankivsk. The essence of the concept "giftedness" in psychological and pedagogical research is theoretically analyzed. Emphasis is placed on the main tasks of the organization of the educational process in school with gifted children in accordance with the updated Basic Component of Pre-school Education in Ukraine (2021). The specifics of formation of professional competencies of a preschool education specialist in the Standard of Higher Education of Ukraine of the first educational (bachelor's) level are analyzed. The main conditions for ensuring future educators’ professional competence considering educational components of the educational program are described. The importance of creating an educational model of the formation of graduate qualities necessary for work on the development of children's talents is substantiated. The importance and interdependence of planning and introduction of educational components is proved, taking into account the formation of life competencies of children, assigned in the Basic Component of Pre-school Education of Ukraine. The study implied a set of methods: analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, comparison, systems analysis. The use of such a wide methodological range made it possible to structure the theoretical material of the problem under study with the help of visual elements.</p> Nadiia Lazarovych Lyudmila Matsuk Nataliia Zakharasevych Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 74 79 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.74-79 FORMATION OF ORAL SPEECH SKILLS IN FUTURE PRIMARY LANGUAGE TEACHERS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE CLASSES http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5282 <p>Today, the content of teaching foreign languages in secondary schools of Ukraine is being significantly updated, which is primarily due to the implementation of the Concept of the New Ukrainian School. Among the 10 key competences, the strategic educational document distinguishes communication in foreign languages. Thus, the formation of communicative<br>skills of the future primary school teacher in the system of higher education is one of the priority tasks.<br>The aim of the article is to substantiate the communicative aspect of the formation of oral skills, training of future primary school teacher of English as a component of his language competence.<br>The content of English language teaching of students is based on the following main characteristics: it corresponds to the&nbsp;actual communicative and cognitive interests of future teachers of English, reflects the real needs of the use of language as a means of communication, is as close as possible to the conditions and goals of real intercultural communication; stimulates the development of interests and positive attitude to the English language, influences their motivational sphere; based on the experience of mastering the native language; takes into account the general educational experience of students which has been acquired during the mastering of the school foreign language course, as well as other subjects(interdisciplinary links); stimulates students’ independent activity, encourages reflection on the quality of their own academic achievements and the<br>desire to improve them.<br>In order to develop the skills of oral speech(speaking) in future teachers of English, the teacher, first of all needs to create preconditions for the organization of an active educational process, to prepare the appropriate educational and didactic base, to choose the optimal educational and methodological materials etc. It will be appropriate to use innovative educational technologies, for example, the use of video materials, which will significantly intensify the learning process, to increase the level of language competence of future teachers of English, to expand the range of use of methodological tools in teaching.</p> Natalia Martyn Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 80 84 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.80-84 INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION AS A MEANS OF PERSONALITY FORMATION OF THE FUTURE TEACHER http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5283 <p>The article is devoted to the research of the problem of intercultural communication as a means of the personality formation of the future teacher in the context of modern social factors. This problem is actualized by the fact that changes in the national education system are determined by global, social, domestic, regional and personal aspects.<br>It requires radical changes both in the training of a new generation of professionals capable of understanding and real transformations in modern education at all stages, from preschool to higher educational institutions. The priority areas of educational tasks in terms of reforming and improving the training of future teachers at the present stage include: the formation of a person who realizes their belonging to the Ukrainian nation, accepts and appropriates its values, preserves and multiplies national culture and language; formation of socio-cultural competencies of future teachers, understanding of the importance and complexity of globalization and integration processes; nurturing national and civic values, understanding the difference between them and the role in the life of civilized society; formation of readiness to conduct interethnic and intercultural dialogue, adherence to the position of respect for traditions, culture, religion and language of the peoples of the world; building general didactic, developmental and educational competencies in order to achieve a high level of professional activity.<br>Intercultural communication based on a broad analysis of research is interpreted as a functionally conditioned, communicative interaction of people, who are the carriers of different cultural communities in terms of their awareness of belonging to different geopolitical, continental, regional, religious, national, ethnic communities and social cultures. A special attention in the organization and implementation of intercultural communication is given to the humanities, which are part of the training of future teachers and have significant intercultural potential. They include foreign languages as a means of learning about the world, communication, cultural exchange, etc.<br>The study claims that socio-cultural education and the organization of broad intercultural communication permeates the professional training of teachers and is aimed at developing the cultural, communicative, general pedagogical spheres of future teachers as socially significant actors, carriers and participants in the dialogue of cultures. Language skills, in<br>the broadest sense of the term, become an important competence in every person`s life, especially the one of a teacher who communicates with children and youth and should be a certain role model for their students. Creating conditions for mastering the language and its wide use in everyday life is an important and necessary task of modern education, which<br>should be provided both at the theoretical and applied levels.<br><br></p> Iryna Myskiv Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 85 88 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.85-88 DEVELOPMENT OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE OF FUTURE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5284 <p>The article analyzes the theoretical approaches to the development of scientifically sound methodological ways of teaching students majoring in "Primary Education" appropriate use of verbal means to emotionally and intellectually influence students in the process of learning. The importance of emotional intelligence of future primary school teachers in the context of their communicative activity is highlighted. Emphasis is placed on the importance of communicative training of students. It is noted that the achievement of a high level of speech culture of the teacher in terms of educational communication is manifested primarily in the appropriate use of verbal emotional and intellectual means, which are a manifestation of the emotional intelligence of the teacher. It is emphasized that the future teacher must take into account the psychological characteristics of children of primary school age in order to optimize educational communication, which is expressed in the emotional and intellectual features of the teacher's language behavior during pedagogical discourse. The essence of emotional intelligence is revealed in the Concept of the new Ukrainian school, which is characterized as a key competence necessary for successful self-realization of the individual in society. The basis of emotional intelligence are certain groups of cognitive, emotional, adaptive and social abilities that contribute to a positive climate in the team and prevent interpersonal conflicts. The specificity of emotional and intellectual manifestations in the teacher's activity is that it is an integral part of the teacher's language behavior, which demonstrates his individual style of activity and is aimed at activating the emotional and intellectual activity of students. To identify the level of understanding by future teachers of the meaning of the concept of "emotional intelligence" and its significance in the educational process of primary school, a survey of 80 third-year students majoring in "Primary Education" was performed and its results were described. The survey data of students showed that they are aware of the importance of the development of emotional intelligence for future successful professional activities, positively assess the importance of emotional teacher in the educational process of primary school. The ways of formation of emotional intelligence of future primary school teachers in the process of their professional training are revealed. It is noted that it is important in the course of professional training to enrich the arsenal of emotional means, rhetorical techniques of future teachers, to help them form an individual style of communicative behavior in various situations of pedagogical discourse, including its emotional and intellectual component.</p> Yuriy Moskalenko Mariia Oliiar Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 89 94 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.89-94 DIDACTIC POTENTIAL OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES IN PROVIDING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF ZVO QUARANTINE STUDENTS http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5291 <p>The article is devoted to the issue of physical activity of students of higher education institutions and the role of physical education in ensuring its proper level in quarantine. It is determined that the task of physical education in the new realities of distance education is the need to ensure students' understanding of the threats of lack of physical activity, as well as assistance by all possible means to compensate for its lack in their school day. The purpose of the study is to identify areas of the discipline "Physical Education" in ensuring the appropriate level of motor activity of students in quarantine. The research is based on the use of a set of general scientific theoretical methods: analysis, synthesis, systematization, generalization. The relationship between physical education, physical activity and student health has been proven. It is determined that the systematic motor activity of student youth is one of the determining factors of a healthy lifestyle. As a result, it was found that in order to increase the motor activity of the student, in conditions of quarantine restrictions, it is necessary to: teach students to study in quarantine; clearly define the values of motor activity in the student's life; to develop new methods of development of interests and motives to physical exercises of increase of motor activity in the conditions of quarantine; introduce new forms of distance physical education; to reorient the process of physical education in institution of higher education in the online format to educational and methodical with an emphasis on solving urgent problems of physical education due to quarantine; to introduce new forms of independent physical exercises; formation of the ability to independently use the means of physical education in quarantine; mastering the skills of a healthy lifestyle.</p> Ruslan Pavlos Aleksandr Kuspish Svitlana Nezgoda Mykola Havrylenko Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 95 99 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.95-99 «SOFT SKILLS» IN THE PRACTICE OF FUTURE HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS TEACHERS’ TRAINING http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5285 <p>The article is devoted to the peculiarities of «soft skills» development in the practice of future higher educational institutions (HEI) teachers’ training.<br>The analysis of scientific literature made it possible to highlight the essentials of the concept of «soft skills» which means a combination of professionally and socially significant skills acquired by the students during vocational training at higher educational institutions HEI, which ensure their competitiveness in future professional activities.<br>It has been established that «soft skills» are associated with «hard skills», which ensure the performance of professional activities. Having analyzed different approaches to the classification of «soft skills», the most important «soft skills» for the future successful career of graduates of the specialty 011 «Educational, pedagogical sciences» were systematized:<br>interpersonal professional skills, involving such competencies as: sociability, ability to effectively communicate interpersonally, critical thinking, the ability to persuade, resolve conflict, make group decisions, create presentations, the ability to work in a team, the ability to negotiate, etc.; personal professional skills, which include such competencies as: flexibility, ability to handle stress, empathy, willingness to compromise, creativity and analytical thinking, time management skills, etc.; managerial skills, which are based on such competencies as: leadership skills, the ability to organize teamwork, the ability<br>to delegate authority, the ability to make strategic decisions, the ability to work in force majeure circumstances, etc.<br>It has been investigated that the development of «soft skills» during in-class work for students majoring the specialty 011 «Educational, pedagogical sciences» is promoted by the use of innovative forms of learning: lectures (inverted lecture, interactive lecture, binary lecture, lecture-provocation, lecture-brainstorming, lecture-visualization, etc.), tutorials (discussion workshop, «brainstorming» workshop, merry-go-round workshop, case workshops, etc.) and the system of active teaching methods (case method, game methods, group discussions, brainstorming sessions), project method, «Hold a position»<br>method, «The range of ideas» method, analysis and diagnostics method, skills development workshops, etc.).<br>It may be concluded that the development of «soft» skills is one of the most important aspects of future HEI teachers’ training, as they allow them to prepare for work in an innovative environment of fierce competition in the market of educational services.</p> Viktoriia Stynska Liubov Prokopiv Lesia Serman Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 100 103 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.100-103 DEVELOPMENT OF CIVIC COMPETENCIES OF STUDENTS: NEW APPROACHES AND PRACTICES UNDER NUSH http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5287 <p>The article emphasizes that the formation of civic competence of students is one of the key tasks of the New Ukrainian School. The need to form a citizen of Ukraine, for whom a democratic civil society is a center for the disclosure of his abilities and capabilities, the satisfaction of personal and public interests, is emphasized. An analysis of modern approaches to the formation of civic competence of students, in particular through the introduction of education for<br>democratic citizenship (EDC) and human rights education (HRE) in the educational process of GSEI. It is noted that this is a new direction in education, which is the subject of international attention and educational strategies. EDC / HRE is based on competency, activity, personality-oriented approaches that are a priority in creating an educational environment. The peculiarity of education for democratic citizenship and human rights education is that the content, forms and methods of teaching are built in the dimension of «learning about / for / through democracy and human rights», which enriches the role of teacher and student in the learning process. The leading idea of this direction is to encourage children to become active citizens who are able to participate in shaping the future of society through the teaching of democracy and human rights. In Ukraine, the implementation of EDC / HRE is carried out thanks to the Swiss-Ukrainian project «Development of civic competencies in Ukraine» – DOCCU. It is noted that today in European countries and in our country there is experience in developing and implementing training courses on EDC / HRE, which requires dissemination and detailed study by teacherspractitioners,<br>educational experts and scientists. The experience of introducing education for democratic citizenship (EDC) and human rights education (HRE) into the educational process of the New Ukrainian School is generalized.</p> Liubomyra Iliichuk Lilia Verezhak Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 104 107 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.104-107 THE PROBLEM OF THE EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE FORMATION OF MODERN YOUTH THROUGH THE PRISM OF VASYL STEFANYK’S CREATIVITY http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5288 <p>Scientists have made an in-depth analysis of the scientific and theoretical foundations of emotional intelligence.<br>The purpose of the article is to analyze the problem of the emotional intelligence formation of modern youth through the prism of Vasyl Stefanyk’s creative heritage.<br>The main concept of our study is to analyze the work and figure of Vasyl Stefanyk through the prism of the phenomenon of emotional intelligence.<br>Our analysis is based on the classic Bar-On model. Reuven Bar-On made a significant contribution to its development. He developed the EQ-i (Emotional Quotient Inventory) test in 1996. It contains a list of questions to determine its ratio. a «Bar-On model» serves on this basis as one of the methodological components of our research. It determines the level of formation of EQ on the basis of a person’s possession of 15 abilities:1) self-esteem – awareness and self-assessment of their capabilities and limitations, strengths and weaknesses, self-perception «as I am»; 2) emotional awareness – understanding of emotional state and the reasons for its occurrence; 3) self-expression – a clear, constructive expression of their feelings, thoughts, ability to mobilize emotional energy, show the firmness of beliefs; 4) independence – reliance on their own strength, emotional independence; 5) empathy – recognition, understanding and awareness of the feelings of another person; 6) social responsibility – selfidentification as a member of a social group, constructive cooperation, care and responsibility for themselves and others; 7) interpersonal relationships – the establishment of mutually beneficial relationships based on emotional intimacy, comfortable behavior in social contacts; 8) resistance to stress – effective management of their emotions, a quick way out of difficult situations; 9) control of impulses – restraint of emotions; 10) assessment of reality – the comparison of feelings and thoughts with objective reality; 11) flexibility – adjustment of feelings, thoughts, ideas, behavior in accordance with circumstances; 12) problem solving – finding out the essence and finding ways to solve it effectively;<br>13) self-actualization – setting goals and striving to achieve it on the basis of potential; 14) optimism – emotional balance, positive attitude and maintaining hope in any situation; 15) happiness / well-being – a sense of satisfaction with others, life in general. Thus, we believe that such a reflection on the work of V. Stefanyk should encourage some changes in the emphasis on the formation of the idea of the writer himself.</p> Borys Savchuk Tetyana Pantyuk Oleg Dovgij Lesia Vysochan Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 108 112 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.108-112 IMPLEMENTATION OF MULTICULTURAL IDEAS IN THE EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF HIGHER EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS http://kiid.pu.if.ua/index.php/msuc/article/view/5293 <p>The article emphasizes that the study of processes and phenomena that occur in the modern educational and cultural space are the most important pedagogical and cultural issues. The authors point out that the globalization processes which take place in the modern world community determine the formation of new systemic phenomena and events in society. Such innovative phenomena in the educational space include multicultural education, which since the beginning of the XXI century has acquired special significance becoming one of the priority trends in the cultural and educational development of civilization.<br>It is noted that the leading ideas of multiculturalism become especially relevant and important for the educational community in connection with the developent of migration processes, urbanization and border expansion. Therefore, for a young person, the knowledge of several languages, history and culture of other nations is urgent, as it characterizes their role in society and determines their place in the educational space.<br>The purpose of the article is to reveal the specifics of the implementation of the ideas of multiculturalism in the modern educational space of higher educational establishments on the basis of a profound content analysis of the scientific literature, the study of practical experience of higher educational establishments. The authors state that the multicultural component of the educational space of the higher educational establishments is determined by the mutual influence of many cultural components, the direct carriers of which are students from different regions of Ukraine and abroad. Under these circumstances, the importance of multicultural education and upbringing in the formation of young people is increasing. Depending on historical, political, socio-cultural factors, the components of the educational space, the educational and cultural traditions of a region, various models of multicultural education are built, which determine the priorities of readiness of a growing individual to live in a multicultural society.</p> Inna Chervinska Oksana Derevianko Andrii Chervinskyi Nadia Haliuk Copyright (c) 2021 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 24 113 117 10.15330/msuc.2021.24.113-117